1.    Effective PD based on teachers’ need and interest 

2.    Effective PD is ongoing and sustained

3.    Effective PD acknowledges that learning is a sosial process

4.    Effective PD treats teachers as active learners

5.    Effective PD includes collaborative opportunities within learning communities

6.    Effective PD enhance teachers pedagogical and content knowledge

7.    Effective PD focuses on improving learning outcomes for students


Melissa, P., & Patton, K. (2015). New experience. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance86(1), 23.